Military Sexual Trauma – MST

Military Sexual Trauma – MST

According to the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), some Veterans may have experienced military sexual trauma (MST) while serving in the military.  These experiences affect Veterans’ mental and physical health, even many years later.

VA defines MST as “psychological trauma resulting from a physical assault of a sexual nature, battery of a sexual nature, or sexual harassment which occurred while the Veteran was serving on active duty, active duty for training, or inactive duty training.” And VA defines sexual harassment as “repeated, unsolicited verbal or physical contact of a sexual nature which is threatening in character.”

MST is a Serious Issue

According to VA, about 1 in 4 women and 1 in 100 men experienced MST. Although rates of MST are higher among women, because there are many more men than women in the military, there are actually significant numbers of both women and men who experienced MST.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, other mood disorders, and substance use disorders are associated with MST. For general information more about MST, visit VA’s web site.

MST Reporting and Time Limits

Military sexual assaults often are not reported or they go unreported for years. Because of that, many Veterans incorrectly believe they may not qualify for VA benefits for MST, and then they don’t file VA disability compensation claims or seek VA care. 

In fact, there is no time limit for a Veteran to file a claim for a condition associated with MST ~ even years or decades later. Please note that VA does not grant compensation to Veterans for the traumatic event(s).  Rather, VA grants benefits for physical and mental health conditions that result from MST.  In addition, there is now free VA care available for MST-related conditions.

MST Evidence

Veterans filing a disability claim for a condition associated with MST often face a tough fight with VA because the evidence needed to win may be many years old and difficult to find.   In March 2016, VA improved evidentiary requirements associated with MST.  The types of evidence VA may consider include, but are not limited to:

  • Records from law enforcement authorities, rape crisis centers, mental health counseling centers, hospitals, or physicians
  • Pregnancy tests or tests for sexually transmitted diseases
  • Statements from family members, roommates, fellow service members, clergy members, or counselors
  • Requests for transfer to another military duty assignment
  • Deterioration in work performance
  • Substance abuse
  • Episodes of depression, panic attacks, or anxiety without an identifiable cause
  • Unexplained economic or social behavioral changes
  • Relationship issues, such as divorce
  • Sexual dysfunction

In April of 2017, legislation remains pending in Congress to further expand benefits for Veterans with conditions associated with MST.

Free MST Treatment Available

Due to the increased awareness and advocacy by Veterans, VA now provides expanded and free medical care for MST survivors. That means that even while your VA claim is pending, you may be able to receive free care from VA for a condition associated with MST. 

According to VA, Veterans who experienced MST have access to a wide range of services to assist them in their recovery. MST-related treatment is available at all VA medical facilities and all treatment for physical and mental health conditions related to experiences of MST is provided free of charge.  Veterans may be eligible for free MST-related care even if they are not eligible for other VA services, and service connection (VA disability compensation) is not required.

No documentation of MST experiences is required to obtain free VA care. In addition, every VA healthcare system has an MST Coordinator who serves as a contact person for MST-related issues at the facility and can help Veterans access relevant VA services and programs.  

Bergmann & Moore in Action

Understanding VA’s complex rules for MST and then submitting all of the paperwork in a timely manner can be a challenge, especially when there is a mental health condition and associated psychological trauma.

Bergmann & Moore has helped hundreds of Veterans win their MST because our staff knows the VA system well and are trained to listen and care.

Free MST Claim Consultation

Bergmann & Moore remains dedicated to helping Veterans obtain benefits from VA. If you filed a claim for a condition associated with MST that was denied by VA, then Bergmann & Moore may be able to assist you with this type of complex claim appeal.  Please contact Bergmann & Moore for a FREE consultation.



Other Services

Traumatic Brain Injuries

If a veteran sustains a head injury or full body injury during their military service, there may be longstanding effects known as residuals of a traumatic brain injury. Many veterans are unaware that they’ve even sustained a TBI because they didn’t lose consciousness during the event. Anything from a mild concussion to being thrown in an explosion may constitute a TBI.

CAVC Appeals

The Board of Veterans’ Appeals (BVA) provides Veterans with five options on what to do when you receive a Board denial. In our experience there is only ONE reasonable option—appeal the BVA decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals to Veterans Claims (CAVC).

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), also referred to as posttraumatic stress or posttraumatic stress syndrome, is caused by experiencing a traumatic event. Even though the event has passed, many people continue to experience symptoms for months or even years afterward.

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