Today in 1945, about 50,000 U.S. troops landed on the Japanese island of Okinawa. The U.S. summoned the massive force in order to take the island, and the battle involved the support of 1,300 ships. The effort cost the Japanese some 117,000 casualties. The landing on Okinawa would also ultimately cost Japan the war. The battle of Okinawa was fought by the 10th Army and led by Lieutenant General Simon B. Buckner, Jr. For more on this important historical event, click here.